美国将制裁中国中央军委装备发展部 外交部回应

美国将制裁中国中央军委装备发展部 外交部回应

美国将制裁中国中央军委装备发展部 外交部回应

9月21日,外交部发言人耿爽主持例行记者会。

问:据报道,美国务院9月20日宣布,因中方违反“通过制裁打击美国对手法”,将对中国中央军委装备发展部及该部负责人实施制裁。中方对此有何评论?

耿爽:中方对美方上述无理做法表示强烈愤慨,并已提出严正交涉。

美方有关做法严重违反国际关系基本准则,严重损害中美两国、两军关系。我们强烈敦促美方立即纠正错误,撤销所谓制裁,否则美方必须承担由此造成的后果。

============

美国制裁中国人民解放军,怎么回事?

2018年09月22日 07:43:09
来源:侠客岛 135人参与 2评论

【解局】美国制裁中国人民解放军,怎么回事?

原创:千里岩

当地时间9月20日美国国务院宣布,因中国人民解放军从俄罗斯采购了苏-35战斗机和S-400防空导弹等武器装备,美国政府决定对中国中央军委装备发展部及其负责人进行制裁。

21日下午,外交部例行记者会上,新闻发言人耿爽表示,中方对美方无理做法表示强烈愤慨,并已提出严正交涉。“我们强烈敦促美方立即纠正错误,撤销所谓制裁,否则美方必须承担由此造成的后果。”

在中美贸易战升级的关头,美国这一决定,令全球关注。

原因

中方购买俄罗斯武器,却要被美国制裁?给个理由先?

美国人还真给了。此前,特朗普授权美国财政部实施《通过制裁应对美国对手法案》中的部分条例,其中明确,要对33个俄国情报、军事个人和实体进行制裁。此举意味着任何与这些个人和机构有业务往来的组织抑或是个人,都将面临美国《以制裁反击美国敌人法案》(CAATSA)的强制性制裁。

而据美方说,中国人民解放军在去年年底和今年年初,先后通过若干被列入上述法案制裁名单的俄国公司,完成对两项武器的采购,因此被美方视为“触犯”法律,故“必须受到制裁”。

如此“制裁”不免滑稽。美国国会是立法机关这没错,可是这是美国自己的立法机关,根据国际法体系中作为基本原则的属地和属人原则,其所指定的法律也只能在美国有效,最多可以管管在国外的美国人。

自交易双方来看,一边是俄罗斯公司,一边是中国人民解放军,这二者怎么看起来都不“属于”美国;而自交易事实发生地来观,中、俄两国的“地界儿”,也跟美国无关。可是美方就偏偏要管。

美方这种“霸气”腰杆自何处来?

其一,目前国际金融市场几乎都被攥在美国手里;其二,美国自身也是全球最大的市场之一。各国的企业在做生意时,要么免不了从金融行业过一下,要么别指望进入美国市场。总之,美国是绕不开的“重心”,美方自然也就“肆意妄为”。

如今,被美国列入制裁对象的机构和个人,不仅会在圈内被“拉黑”,且任何跟他们有生意往来的公司都可能随之一并“拉黑”。如此株连九族、不问因果,也真是让当世“惊呆”。

目标

虽然美国不管是政治上还是经济上,从来都不缺“小试管装洗衣粉”的手段,但是对外发声的时候倒还是十分“耿直”。

当天,被宣布列入制裁的倒是不光解放军一家,美国国务院还在对俄制裁名单中,又添上了另外33个为俄情报、军事部门服务的个人及机构,并且警告,任何跟这些个人或者机构有贸易往来的都别想跑。

需注意的是,美国国务院发言人宣布制裁解放军的时候直言:“这些行动的绝对目的是阻止俄罗斯政府的资金流”“制裁是针对俄罗斯的,不是针对其他国家的防御能力”。一句话,美方在本意上并未剑指他方,“最终的制裁目标”只有——俄罗斯。

然而美国为啥要对俄罗斯这么狠?

这几年美国日子过得不太如意,国内各种矛盾闹得厉害,政治精英们也始终拿不出像样的药方,最后,传说中有“独门秘籍”的特朗普被失望的大众抬进了白宫。特朗普上任后,施政“秘方”倒也简单——趁着美国还有一把子力气,赶紧把一切够得着的“羊毛”别管用啥法子先都“薅”到手里,看看能不能让美国的经济再有回转余地。

军事专家洪源认为,特朗普所谓“美国优先”主义,频频用各种方式制裁着世界上的、任何触及到其利益的国家。从原油国伊朗到源起于“通俄门”事件的俄罗斯,套路颇为熟悉。

如今美俄关系恶化众所周知,双方几乎陷入全面对抗。

本次制裁,部分原因被认为是美方对俄、美在克里米亚和乌克兰东部,尤其是俄方在叙利亚战争中咄咄逼人的战略行动所作出的“敌对”反击;当然也有“惩罚”俄罗斯干预2016年美国总统大选这一原委。

可行?

根据美国的制裁法案,中央军委装备发展部和其负责人再不能跟美国的任何公司有经济往来,且其在美国的资产将会被查封冻结(如果有的话)。

后果若何?

中美两国关系一直都有起伏,美国对于中国公司的类似制裁也不是头一遭。想当年美国发动对伊朗、对朝鲜等国的制裁时候,中国早就见识到,也绝非束手无策。

至于说美国这个制裁会否影响我军的装备发展,岛叔觉得也不必担心。美国对我军的建设和发展长期以来是啥态度,天下人都知道。封锁不是从今天才开始的,我军可曾有为此只停留在“小米加步枪”的阶段?

更值得说一说的倒是,美国的这个“制裁瘾”最后究竟会给美国带来一个什么结局。看目前这个形势,美国想制裁的对象只会越来越多,最后通讯录一多半都进了黑名单,那时候还能有几个朋友?

想当年让美国觉得制裁好用的“黄金世界”已成过去。今天美国在全球占据的经济份额虽仍是头号,但要说一手遮天恐怕有难度了——国际货币基金组织、世界银行已不是千军万马都要争过的“独木桥”,其他的门路或者窄点,但也不是没有。

当然,就算不能一手遮天,只要“朋友圈”够大够铁也可以。可是美国这些年几番折腾,对于盟友的控制力显然也不如以前。君不见这次美国制裁伊朗时候,反对声音最响的竟然是传统意义上其最大的亲密盟友——欧盟。

再者,如果只是制裁俄罗斯军事机关的武器、贸易不好用怎么办?对俄罗斯最大宗的出口——石油下手吗?不对这个下手真的很难有效果。可是别忘了,那边美国还在制裁伊朗呢,俄罗斯加上伊朗目前占据石油市场多少份额?

“石油美元”再折腾下去恐终有一日会变成“石油欧元”“石油人民币”。金融霸权的基础松动,对美国来讲,才是一场彻底的灾难。

话说回来,这个制裁的消息刚出来,国内网络竟有人在叫好,说美国这是“正义地惩罚了邪恶的俄罗斯”,中国跟俄罗斯走太近,得罪了美国。

这些梦其实都该醒醒了。

中国人民解放军发展到今天,最大的心法就是“独立自主,自力更生”,当年封锁遏制都没有击垮中国,中国反而在艰苦创业中发展出了完整的军工产业链条。“从来就没有什么救世主,也不靠神仙皇帝,要创造人类的幸福,全靠我们自己”,《国际歌》的歌词就这么写的,中国这么多年来也是这么干的。

美国想靠制裁限制中国的军力,只会让中国更加坚定走独立自主的发展道路。

文/千里岩[责任编辑:王家乐 PX043]

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